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Asia, Global, Middle East, Russia, Turkestan, Turkmenistan Read less
Asia, Global, Middle East, Russia, Turkestan, Turkmenistan Read more
del Hoyo et al. (1994) estimated the global population to number 8,400-11,200 individuals. In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 2,500-9,000 breeding pairs, equating to 7,500-27,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 5-24% of the global range, so a revised es ...
It is found in the mountains of eastern Turkey and Armenia, and throughout the Alborz Mountains of Northern Iran. It breeds at altitudes from 1800-3000 m on bare stony ground with some alpine scrub. It nests in a bare ground scrape and lays 6-9 greenish eggs, which are incubated only by the female. Its diet consists of seeds and vegetable matter. It forms small flocks when not breeding. ...