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Parakeet, Venezuelan
Bird Info
Bird Info
Conservation status
Scientific Name:
Pyrrhura emma
Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Global, Guyana, South America, Suriname, Venezuela Read more
Related Reading
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common' (Stotz et al. (1996). ...
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Traditionally, the Painted Parakeet included the Santarém Parakeet (P. amazonum), Bonaparte's Parakeet (P. lucianii) and Rose-fronted Parakeet (P. roseifrons) as subspecies. Following a review in 2002, it was recommended treating these as separate species.[ 2] In 2006, a study based on mtDNA confirmed that the "traditional" Painted Parakeet was polyphyletic, as P. p. picta was closer to the taxon emma (traditionally considered a subspecies of the White-eared Parakeet, P. leucotis) than it was to amazonum and roseifrons.[ 3] The taxon lucianii was not sampled, but based on plumage and biogeography it likely falls between P. amazonum and P. roseifrons. In 2002 it had also been recommended treating the Azuero Parakeet (P. eisenmanni), Sinú Parakeet (P. subandina) and Todd's/Perijá Parakeet (P. caeruleiceps) as separate species.[ 4] Of these, only eisenmanni was sampled in 2006, where it, although with low bootstrap support, was found to be relatively close to P. p. picta,[ 3] and arguably should be retained as a subspecies of the Painted Parakeet. Based on plumage and biogeography, caeruleiceps and subandina are likely also part of this group. Consequently, the South American Classification Committee voted for treating these as subspecies of the Painted Parakeet.[ 5] Following this treatment, the Painted Parakeet includes the following subspecies: ...
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